Researchers from the Faculty of Materials Science, Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) in close collaboration with Faculty of Physics (MSU), Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel), Tel Aviv University (Israel) and Jozef Stefan Institute (Slovenia) have demonstrated a strong light-matter interaction in suspensions and self-assembled films of tungsten disulfide nanotubes (NT-WS2), which are of the most famous and "oldest" analogues of worldwide renowned carbon nanotubes. The results of the research are published in Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics Journal.
In this work, amazing optical properties of inorganic WS2 nanotubes are studied in details. The main part of the research was carried out under the supervision of Prof. Reshef Tenne (Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel), who discovered tungsten disulfide nanotubes in 1992. Nowadays, NT-WS2 are synthesized in semi-industrial scale and employed in numerous commercial lubricating mixtures as well as laboratory-scale nanocomposites and nanoelectronic devices. However, for a long time, the optical studies of such nanotubes remained controversial. For example, the features manifested in optical extinction spectra of WS2 nanotube suspensions were mistakenly interpreted as the set of excitonic absorption peaks. However, this approach hardly explained both the significant shift of the exciton energies with respect to the bulk WS2 values and the differences in optical extinction spectra of the NT-WS2 suspension and semi-oriented films.
Based on a completely novel complex study of NT-WS2 optical properties, the researchers from Weizmann Institute of Science and Faculty of Materials Science, MSU have demonstrated strong visible and near-infrared light scattering by disulfide nanotubes leading to the masking of excitonic peaks. Importantly, the optical measurements employing an integrating sphere allowed registering "true" absorption signal, which showed that the nanotube excitonic peaks have almost the same energies as for bulk WS2.
More detailed study of the optical extinction and scattering spectra, fortified by finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation and a phenomenological coupled oscillator (PCO) model has shown that NT-WS2 exhibit strong light-matter interaction and form exciton-polaritons. This part of the research was carried out by researchers from Weizmann Institute of Science and the Laboratory of Nanophotonics and Metamaterials, Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov MSU headed by Prof. Andrey A. Fedyanin. It was demonstrated that WS2 nanotubes act as quasi 1-D polaritonic nano-systems and sustain both excitonic features and cavity modes in the visible-near infrared range.
"The findings of this thorough and truly international research allow consideration of tungsten disulfide nanotubes as a platform for developing new concepts in nanotube-based photonic devices. Moreover, the knowledge on such nontrivial optical features of these nanostructures sheds light on the possible light-harvesting properties of the nanocomposites based on disulfide nanotubes and plasmonic nanoparticles (gold or silver) which are extensively developed by young scientists from Faculty of Materials Science, MSU" - said Alexander Polyakov, the co-author of the article.
For more information on disulfide nanotubes and relative disulfide nano-onions as well inorganic design and applications of their nanocomposites, please refer to the recent review co-authored by Prof. Reshef Tenne in Russian Chemical Reviews journal (https://doi.org/10.1070/RCR4798; available in English and Russian).
This work was supported by Russian Science Foundation (grant # 14-13-00871).